Red exclamation when importing video from SD card to iPad pro RESOLVED

Red exclamation when importing video from SD card to iPad pro RESOLVED

Red exclamation when importing video from SD card to iPad pro RESOLVED!

I get a Red exclamation (!) when importing video from SD card to iPad pro. I have 3 YouTube channels and have been editing video mostly on my iPad pro using Lumafusion and love it! I have been a video and audio editor for over 25 years. The mobility of the iPad pro is awesome!

I film most of my YouTube videos with my iPhone and iPad pro, sharing files between the two, for easy editing in Lumafusion.

editing video on ipad pro with lumafusion. video filmed with panasonic gh5 micro four thirds mirrorless cameraOver the weekend I thought I’d break out my Panasonic GH5 for some nice High resolution filming with my favorite lens, a Panasonic 25mm F1.7 prime lens.

The next day I took the SD card out of the GH5 body and popped it into my Apple SD card reader to lightning adapter, for importing photos and videos in my iPad pro.

As always, the import screen came up, showing what photos and videos are available to import to the iPad from the SD card. I SAW ALL FILES IN THUMBNAIL FORM!

Red exclamation when importing video from SD card to iPad proAfter a couple minutes, the video thumbnails were greeted with the RED EXCLAMATION POINT.

The videos were not importing!

Reading forums and complaints from many video editors turned up no answers. Some people said it’s the file size, while others said it’s the file name. Other people said you need a special SD card reader. None of these are true.

I was fearing it was a 4k thing, since I was able to import 1080 60p just fine. Would I be able to edit 4k video in different resolutions on my iPad?! YES! READ ON!

The issue is the 10 bit video files I filmed. Apple IOS CANNOT HANDLE 10 BIT VIDEO FILES at the time of this writing. You are limited to 8 bit video files.

In your camera settings, choose a video setting that is 8 bit if you want to import video into your iPad pro.

IOS will only import 8 bit video files, not 10 bit.

Luckily, there are many settings in 8 bit to choose from in most camera settings. Is there a difference between 8 bit and 10 bit and are you losing much? It’s nothing you have to worry about unless you want to insanely zoom in on video. For that you will be better off filming with a 10 bit setting and editing on your iMac, Macbook, anything but IOS.

10 bit isn’t too much different than the 8 bit.

I was able to edit the 10 bit 4k 60p video in Final Cut Pro X on my iMac with no issues. Moving forward, I will need to choose an 8 bit video setting if I want to edit video on my iPad. No big deal at all.

I ran a dozen tests filming with different settings and they all pointed to the bit rate. 8 bit video could be imported into the iPad for editing but 10 bit would never show up…just fail. This was regardless of the file size.

I write about anything techy, music, photography, artsy and whatever I think you may find interesting.

Steve

Follow my blog here. 

GEAR I USE:

Marshall Code 50-50 watt 1×12″ guitar amp: https://amzn.to/2GmCVVI

Charvel Pro-Mod San Dimas guitar blue frost: https://amzn.to/2Dp9fU0

PANASONIC LUMIX GX85 Camera: https://amzn.to/2wJHNjK

PANASONIC GH5: https://amzn.to/2XmHxDA

Panasonic 25mm F1.7 prime lens: https://amzn.to/2wwN5ix

Panasonic GX85 Batteries: https://amzn.to/2Ksac00

GoPro suction cup mount for car: https://amzn.to/2Ajbryb

GoPro gooseneck mount: https://amzn.to/2uUECmg

Shure mv88 microphone: https://amzn.to/2WP78lw

Canon XA11 Pro Camcorder: https://amzn.to/2rNMUK1

iPad Pro 10.5: https://amzn.to/2O1q5gz

Vanguard Alta Pro 263AB Tripod: https://amzn.to/2IxYQq4

Fovitec Green / Blue backdrop screen: https://amzn.to/2IrDcbK

Fovitec Black/ White backdrop screen: https://amzn.to/2rTu18T

Blue Yeti USB Microphone: https://amzn.to/2JWT2vt

Sennheiser HD 380 PRO Headphones: https://amzn.to/2K3hiLT

Professional Grade Lavalier Lapel Microphone
https://amzn.to/2lZhGNB

Y-Connector Audio Splitter for Lavalier Microphone
https://amzn.to/2J1UwPU

Headphone Jack Adapter Lightning Connector
https://amzn.to/2udGjtM

I’m a GUITAR PLAYER. Check out my music and purchase here:

MIME RIOT
https://store.cdbaby.com/cd/mimeriot
WRAITH
https://store.cdbaby.com/cd/steverotter
ON iTunes:
WRAITH
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/wraith/139284491
MIME RIOT
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/fear-ep/793322130

http://www.steverotter.com

I’m a video editor of 25 years, audio engineer 20 years, photographer 25 years and guitarist 20 years. I post photography and stop motion animation videos, but mainly guitar playing.

 

 

 

Advertisements

GH5S vs GH5. I bought a GH5 and here’s why.

GH5S vs GH5. I bought a GH5 and here’s why.

Panasonic GH5S vs GH5. I have a GH5 and here’s why.

Trying to decide between a Panasonic GH5 and GH5s? In the end, the choice is yours…maybe I can help.

On the outside, very little has changed between the Panasonic GH5 and GH5s. The two cameras have the same design and dimensions, so many accessories will work seamlessly on both, including panasonic camera lenses. The only visual differences are the red video recording button, red ring around the drive dial and red S on the name. The button layouts are the same on the GH5 and GH5s.

The Panasonic GH5 went on sale at the end of March 2017. There was a major firmware update in September 2017.

panasonic gh5 micro four thirds camera by panasonic

The GH5 features a 20MP Live Mos sensor which is currently the highest resolution you can find on a Micro Four Thirds camera. There is no low pass filter, which maximizes sharpness. This is standard on Panasonic micro four thirds mirror less cameras.

 

panasonic gh5s vs gh5The GH5s has a newly designed chip with half the megapixel count of the GH5 (10.2MP). The larger the pixel, the more light is gathered, which reduces noise at high sensitivities like Sony’s A7s series.

The GH5 has a range of 200 to 25600 ISO and extended “pull” values down to 100. For video, the ISO range goes from 200 to 12800. This is MORE THAN ENOUGH, especially if you light your set, which you should always be doing anyway.

The GH5s takes the low light performance to a new level for Micro Four Thirds. It offers a range of 160 to 51200 ISO with extended values down to 80 and up to 204800 ISO. The entire range, including the extended settings, are available for stills and video.

Do you really need the insanely high ISO over 50,000 on the GH5? I don’t. I film between ISO 200 and 800, just like old school, back in the day. I might step it up to 1600 but that’s rare. I make sure the area is lit well. I don’t plan on filming anything in the street when the sun is gone. If that’s your thing, you will get some video noise even with the GH5s.

Panasonic GH5 LOW LIGHT Test Footage – LOOKS GREAT!

The high resolution sensor also gives the Panasonic GH5 an advantage concerning the maximum video resolution. The GH5 can record 6K in anamorphic mode up to 30p and has a 6K Photo mode that allows you to record at 30p and save any of the video frames into an 18MP JPG.

The GH5 has an excellent VFR mode with a maximum of 180fps which gives you a slow motion footage up to approximately 6x. The GH5S goes one step further at 240fps.

Panasonic GH5s LOW LIGHT Test Footage – LOOKS GREAT!

DID YOU SEE MUCH DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE GH5 and GH5s?

Another Panasonic GH5 Test Footage video

Both the GH5 and GH5s use Panasonic’s Depth from Defocus AF system which works with contrast detection but offers a faster speed that traditional contrast based systems. The GH5 uses a faster version with a locking speed of 0.05s. The GH5s is slightly slower with a locking speed of 0.07s but it has better sensitivity in low light (-5Ev vs -4Ev on the GH5).

The two cameras feature a full-sized HDMI port, USB Type C, mic in, headphone out, remote input, flash sync and two SD card slots with UHS-II compatibility.

The GH5s has time code in and out that works via the flash sync port (a cable is provided) which means you can genlock it with broadcast cameras. The Mic in port can also be used as a Line In for other audio sources.

But why is there another GH series camera, was there something fundamentally wrong with the GH5? NOPE! Far from it. The GH5 has built on the reputation of the GH4 as a solid hybrid for stills and video. It has a steadily increased in popularity for both enthusiasts and professional photographers.

The GH5s isn’t an entirely new camera, nor is it an upgrade in the traditional sense – although it does cost more – about $600 more!

Panasonic is not the first camera manufacturer to release an S version, or even two different versions of the same model.

Starting at the top of the specifications list, the GH5s sees a considerable drop in sensor resolution, from 20.3 million pixels on the GH5’s sensor down to 10.2 million pixels.

Does having more pixels on a camera sensor mean better image quality? It has been a long-running argument. Personally, I would rather have fewer, larger sensors instead of more, smaller sensors. The sensors are responsible for gathering light and the larger the sensors the better. I would rather rely on larger sensors to gather light instead of multiple smaller ones. That’s one reason I got the GH5.

You do lose some of the finer image detail you’d expect with more pixels (GH5s) and higher resolution, but when you draft in the moving image and the illusion of persistence of vision then that loss of clarity becomes less of an issue.

Underlining the low light improvement, the GH5s offers a Dual Native sensitivity range.

The new sensor on the GH5s should enable better low light performance.

The new maximum frame rates for the GH5s for Cinema are 4K and 60p, 4K is again 60p, and 1080p leaps to 240p compared with 180p on the GH5. That’s exciting news for slow motion lovers!

The GH5s doesn’t have built-in image stabilization. This was a deal breaker for me. Although I can keep the camera very still for photo and video work, Panasonic’s in-camera image stabilization is 2nd to none. Saving $600 and gaining image stabilization steered me to the GH5. Check out this video filmed with my Panasonic GX85, utilizing in-camera image stabilization. The GX85 is another EXCELLENT micro four thirds mirror less camera by Panasonic. I highly recommended the GX85 and almost bought a 2nd one for dual camera shoots. If a 3rd camera is ever needed, I will make it a Panasonic GX85.

 

SPECS                                         GH5s                                               GH5

So will you buy the Panasonic GH5 or GH5s?

I’m not too concerned about ISO ratings or low light. As I said, I light my set and don’t plan on filming in dark alleys late at night, so the GH5 is more than perfect. I also love the in camera image stabilizer of the GH5 (not present on the GH5s.) I have never worked with a better in-camera image stabilizer than what is on the GX85 and and GH5! Truly amazing smoothness with little effort. I highly recommend either the GH5 or GH5s. The choice between GH5 or GH5s will depend on if you want in-camera image stabilizer and if filming in very low light is something you do. As I said, the GH5 also does a very nice job in low light. I also saved $600 going with the GH5 over the GH5s.

My lens of choice is the Panasonic 25mm F1.7

PRICING and REVIEWS ON AMAZON:

GX85

GH5

GH5s

I write about anything techy, music, photography, artsy and whatever I think you may find interesting.

Thanks for reading!

Steve

Follow my blog here. 

GEAR I USE:

Marshall Code 50-50 watt 1×12″ guitar amp: https://amzn.to/2GmCVVI

Charvel Pro-Mod San Dimas guitar blue frost: https://amzn.to/2Dp9fU0

PANASONIC LUMIX GX85 Camera: https://amzn.to/2wJHNjK

PANASONIC GH5: https://amzn.to/2XmHxDA

Panasonic 25mm F1.7 prime lens: https://amzn.to/2wwN5ix

Panasonic GX85 Batteries: https://amzn.to/2Ksac00

GoPro suction cup mount for car: https://amzn.to/2Ajbryb

GoPro gooseneck mount: https://amzn.to/2uUECmg

Shure mv88 microphone: https://amzn.to/2WP78lw

Canon XA11 Pro Camcorder: https://amzn.to/2rNMUK1

iPad Pro 10.5: https://amzn.to/2O1q5gz

Vanguard Alta Pro 263AB Tripod: https://amzn.to/2IxYQq4

Fovitec Green / Blue backdrop screen: https://amzn.to/2IrDcbK

Fovitec Black/ White backdrop screen: https://amzn.to/2rTu18T

Blue Yeti USB Microphone: https://amzn.to/2JWT2vt

Sennheiser HD 380 PRO Headphones: https://amzn.to/2K3hiLT

Professional Grade Lavalier Lapel Microphone
https://amzn.to/2lZhGNB

Y-Connector Audio Splitter for Lavalier Microphone
https://amzn.to/2J1UwPU

Headphone Jack Adapter Lightning Connector
https://amzn.to/2udGjtM

 

I’m a GUITAR PLAYER. Check out my music and purchase here:

MIME RIOT
https://store.cdbaby.com/cd/mimeriot
WRAITH
https://store.cdbaby.com/cd/steverotter
ON iTunes:
WRAITH
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/wraith/139284491
MIME RIOT
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/fear-ep/793322130

http://www.steverotter.com

I’m a video editor of 25 years, audio engineer 20 years, photographer 25 years and guitarist 20 years. I post photography and stop motion animation videos, but mainly guitar playing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Panasonic 25mm f/1.7 lens review

Panasonic 25mm f/1.7 lens review

Here’s my review of the Panasonic 25mm f/1.7 lens. I LOVE this camera lens and use it most of the time on my Panasonic GX85 camera and Panasonic GH5 when shooting photography and video.

For those not too familiar with photography

There are two types of camera lenses; zoom lenses and prime lenses. Zoom lenses allow you to zoom in and out on your subject and are more familiar to most people. Prime lenses have one fixed piece of glass so no zooming is possible. To zoom in with prime lenses, you must move closer to the subject. The trade off is sharper images with prime lenses.

Zoom lenses come in handy when photographing events such as sports, weddings or wildlife. Since I don’t photograph or film much of those anymore, I started using prime lenses only. Prime lenses have become my favorite lenses for a few years now.

WHY I PREFER PRIME LENSES:

  1. Prime lenses have a fixed lens (no zooming) and only one piece of glass, which makes them less expensive.
  2. Prime lenses take razor sharp photos! Sharper than zoom lenses.
  3. Prime lenses take better photos in darker areas, are lighter and focus quicker.

Canon EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS II USM Telephoto Zoom Lens for Canon DSLR Cameras

I used to have the popular Canon 70mm-200mm F2.8 L series lens. I used this zoom lens on my Canon 5D MarkII and loved it very much. I paid $2,000.00 for it new: worth every penny. I sold it when prime lenses were all I needed once I stopped photographing weddings. It was difficult for me to part with this lens. The photos shot with this lens were always perfect. Sharp, nice color and warmth to each image, is what the Canon 70-200 provided.

PANASONIC 25mm F1.7 prime lens

Now that you know the difference between zoom lenses and prime lenses, let’s talk about the Panasonic 25mm F1.7 prime lens. It’s a lightweight very fast lens that takes great photos and video. I highly recommend it.

Check out this video I made reviewing my Panasonic 25mm F1.7 lens.

One of the main things I take into consideration when buying a lens is the focal length, which is that number followed by mm. The smaller the number, the wider the view of the lens. The larger the number, the more zoomed in the lens will be to your subject. If you were taking portraits, you would want a 25mm or 35mm. If you were photographing a lion at the zoo, you would want a longer focal length, so a 200-400mm would be best.

The issue with prime lenses is you need to carry a few if different focal lengths are needed. I chose 2 focal length lenses that suit me best and I’m fine. For anything else, I use a pro camera with zoom such as the Canon PowerShot G7 X Mark II.

A 50mm lens is said to be the perfect all around lens for photographing or filming video. 50mm has the view of what you see as a person, or, how close you are to a subject. This would be the equivalent of a 25mm lens on a micro four thirds camera, such as my Panasonic gx85. Micro four thirds cameras register at half the mm rating of a DSLR, or, old school 35mm film camera. So, my Panasonic 25mm F1.7 lens is equivalent to a 50mm standard lens.

The next thing I look at is F stop setting. In this case, the F stop is 1.7. The F stop setting is one of the ways you can control light into the camera and also the “blurriness” behind your main subject (depth of field.) The smaller the Fstop number, the better the lens is at taking photos in the dark. Smaller number Fstop – rated lenses are called FAST LENSES because they see well in the dark and are very fast at capturing images without sacrificing quality.

I know it sounds confusing and that’s because it is. Trust me, the more you work with Fstop and focal length and shutter speed, you will find out how it all works together, resulting in great photos.

panasonic 25mm f1.7 lens review
Panasonic 25mm F1.7 lens

Some stats on the Panasonic 25mm F1.7 lens

  • A versatile 25mm lens with a natural viewing angle suitable for a wide variety of occasions (35mm camera equivalent: 50 mm)
  • Beautiful background bokeh effect from its large diameter F1.7 aperture
  • Super lightweight and compact at only 125g / 2.05in length, lens construction 8 elements in 7 groups (2 aspherical lenses, 1 UHR lens)
  • Hybrid photography enabled for both photo and HD video recording with quiet and smooth fast action stepping motor focusing
  • Takes advantage of LUMIX mirrorless camera high-speed, high-precision Contrast AF system
  • Versatile, fast standard 25mm lens (35mm camera equivalent: 50 mm) with a beautiful bokeh background defocus effect for exceptionally creative imaging. Perfect for low-light, high-quality photography with a bright, maximum F1.7 aperture (minimum aperture F22).

Panasonic Lumix G H-H020 20mm f/1.7 Aspherical Pancake Lens for Micro Four Thirds Interchangeable Digital SLR CamerasI almost went with the Panasonic 20mm F1.7 lens to get a bit more width in my photos. This lens has been dubbed the pancake lens since it’s flatter. Since I already have the Panasonic kit zoom lens that goes from 12mm, I already have a nice wide angle, so the 20mm wasn’t needed but I will be adding it to my collection, as I LOVE PRIME LENSES.

Does this help you in choosing a lens? I hope so. What lenses do you have? Let me know in the comments and check out my YouTube channel Rotter Studios for more photography and video tech stuff and projects.

If you enjoyed this, subscribe to my blog. I write about tech stuff, photography, video editing, music, and anything else I feel like. I have a lot of passions and enjoy teaching.

Thanks for reading!

Steve

You can purchase gear discussed in this article on Amazon:

Panasonic 25mm f/1.7 prime lens

Panasonic 20mm F1.7 lens

Panasonic GX85 camera

Canon PowerShot G7 X Mark II

 

CHECK OUT MORE AT MY BLOG HERE

GEAR I USE:
PANASONIC LUMIX GX85 Camera: https://amzn.to/2wJHNjK

Panasonic 25mm F1.7 prime lens: https://amzn.to/2wwN5ix

Panasonic GX85 Batteries: https://amzn.to/2Ksac00

GoPro suction cup mount for car: https://amzn.to/2Ajbryb

GoPro gooseneck mount: https://amzn.to/2uUECmg

Canon XA11 Pro Camcorder: https://amzn.to/2rNMUK1

iPad Pro 10.5: https://amzn.to/2O1q5gz

Vanguard Alta Pro 263AB Tripod: https://amzn.to/2IxYQq4

Fovitec Green / Blue backdrop screen: https://amzn.to/2IrDcbK

Fovitec Black/ White backdrop screen: https://amzn.to/2rTu18T

Blue Yeti USB Microphone: https://amzn.to/2JWT2vt

Sennheiser HD 380 PRO Headphones: https://amzn.to/2K3hiLT

Professional Grade Lavalier Lapel Microphone
https://amzn.to/2lZhGNB

Y-Connector Audio Splitter for Lavalier Microphone
https://amzn.to/2J1UwPU

Headphone Jack Adapter Lightning Connector
https://amzn.to/2udGjtM

MY YOUTUBE CHANNEL: ROTTER STUDIOS: youtube.com/c/RotterStudios

I’m a GUITAR PLAYER. Check out my music and purchase here:

MIME RIOT
https://store.cdbaby.com/cd/mimeriot
WRAITH
https://store.cdbaby.com/cd/steverotter
ON iTunes:
WRAITH
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/wraith/139284491
MIME RIOT
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/fear-ep/793322130

http://www.steverotter.com

I’m a video editor of 25 years, audio engineer 20 years, photographer 25 years and guitarist 20 years. I post photography and stop motion animation videos, but mainly guitar playing.

My You Tube channels:

German Shepherd Weekly: Weekly short videos of my german shepherd, Leia
LEGO SPEED GUY: Lego speed build videos and entertainment
ROTTER studios: photography, film, movies, rants                                                            ROTTER TUBE REEF: saltwater aquarium care                                                                         The Joker Box: The Joker Impression – Tribute to Heath Ledger

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flash attachment for digital cameras for bounce flash

Flash attachment for digital cameras for bounce flash

The camera flash attachment I use for my Canon 5D Mark II and Panasonic GX85 is a Canon speedlite 580EX. This flash is great for bounce flash photography whether indoors or outdoors. I’ve used the same canon flash for 16 years with never an issue. It’s very easy to use and mounts direct to your camera’s hot shoe mount on top of your camera, as most accessories do. It has many features for the pro photographer and full auto mode for beginners as well. This canon 580EX, which I’ve had for 16 years (OMG) is still in use today. I have photographed countless weddings, band photo shoots, real estate photography and family functions with this flash. It performs just as great today as it did the day I got it.

If you have a canon camera, be it a point and shoot such as the Canon G7X or G7X Mark II, or even a Panasonic micro four thirds, such as my Panasonic GX85, this flash will work extremely well in your photography.

Canon Speedlite 580EX II Flash for Canon EOS Digital SLR Cameras
Canon speedlite 580EX flash for digital cameras

Many digital cameras, including DSLR cameras, come with a built-in flash, which I never use. Built in flash looks unprofessional and washes out your photos most of the time.

I’m sure many of you have taken photos resulting in your friend’s face being washed out by light? Built in camera flash will do this. It’s also not too comfortable getting flashed head-on by someone’s camera. Sure, there’s technology that aids in preventing the blinding flash from a camera and making photos look a little better, but it’s still nowhere near the quality a flash attachment gives.

camera flash lighting example
Built-in camera flash on left. Flash attachment using bounce flash on the right.

Many pro DSLR cameras do not include built-in flash because it’s simply not professional. A professional photographer will attach the additional flash to the top of their camera and never touch the built-in flash.

REASONS WHY ON-CAMERA FLASH UNITS ARE BETTER

  1. The flash unit is more powerful than built-in camera flashes
  2. the flash unit is smart. It’s a computer. It reads your camera’s settings and adjusts accordingly. There are sensors and LED displays which control settings, flash adjustment, room fill, strength of flash, etc.
  3. Bounce flash capabilities for different looks.
  4. Flash unit can be placed anywhere in the room and triggered remotely, giving different lighting from different angles. You will need to purchase remote triggers for this to work (cheap and easy to set up.)

WHAT IS BOUNCE FLASH?

Bounce flash is a technique in which the flash is directed onto a reflective surface around the subject. For example, a white ceiling or a flash umbrella, which then reflects light onto the subject. It can be used as fill-flash, or, if used indoors, as ambient lighting for the whole scene. Bounce flash creates softer, less artificial-looking illumination than direct flash that is built into a camera.

I like to aim the flash at the wall so the light bounces off, hitting the subject from the left or right, giving the photo a more natural, softer look. Moving forward or backward and adjusting the flash angle will give the desired look.

Most of my photography uses either bounce flash or no flash. Built in flash does not allow natural highlights of the hair or shadows of the face to show, as it’s a head-on blast of light. Built in flash is not natural looking at all.

camera flash attachment settings
flash attachments have settings to make your photos better.

Bounce flash with a flash attachment unit works by angling the flash on your camera to bounce light off the walls or ceilings around your subject (the flash attachment is able to rotate, raise up and down.) Your camera is pointing directly at the subject while the flash may be angled up at the ceiling and down by 45 degrees. Instead of hitting the subject head on with light, you’re bouncing light off the ceiling or wall and onto the subject. Doing this creates a softer natural light and effects.

It’s fun to experiment with flash techniques. Different angles and distances from ceiling or walls will create dramatic effects.

Bounce flash technique will not work well if walls or ceilings are dark or ceilings are too high. Dark surfaces absorb light so it can’t bounce, or it bounces back an off-color onto your subject.

A bad bounce flash environment would be a school gymnasium or a church with dark wood walls and ceilings. I have been in both situations.

Flash attachments for digital cameras will usually go through batteries quickly. You can buy a rechargeable camera flash battery pack or carry a few sets of batteries.

When I was photographing weddings, I always carried 2 camera flash battery packs by Quantum. While using one, the 2nd was always charging. These were really cool and allowed me to photograph a wedding from beginning of their day to early reception before switching to the other battery pack. I could easily take about 1,000 photos before switching to the other battery pack.

Quantum Turbo SC Camera Flash Battery Pack
My Quantum Turbo camera flash battery pack.

Although I loved the rechargeable battery packs, I started to buy packs of AA batteries to replace in the camera flash every couple of hours. No recharging and no wondering if I forgot to pack my expensive battery packs before leaving a photo shoot. Most camera flash units take 4 AA batteries.

panasonic gx85 with flash attachment
panasonic gx85 with flash attachment

 

I was very happy to find out my Canon 580EX flash unit also works with my Panasonic GX85 micro four thirds camera. The built-in flash of the Panasonic camera is something I would never use. The camera takes outstanding photos and videos and with the flash attachment, all the better. Here is my Panasonic micro four thirds camera with a friend’s flash attachment.

 

 

 

Hopefully this write-up was helpful in understanding the different between on camera flash and flash attachments. If you have any questions let me know.

If you enjoyed this post, subscribe to my blog to get alerted when new writings are uploaded.

I love writing about photography, video production, my dogs and the products I use for them, along with anything else I’m into.

thanks for reading!

Steve

My You Tube channels:

German Shepherd Weekly: Weekly short videos of my german shepherd, Leia
LEGO SPEED GUY: Lego speed build videos and entertainment
ROTTER studios: photography, film, movies, rants                                                            ROTTER TUBE REEF: saltwater aquarium care                                                                         The Joker Box: The Joker Impression – Tribute to Heath Ledger

GEAR I USE:
PANASONIC LUMIX GX85 Camera: https://amzn.to/2wJHNjK

Panasonic 25mm F1.7 prime lens: https://amzn.to/2wwN5ix

Panasonic GX85 Batteries: https://amzn.to/2Ksac00

GoPro suction cup mount for car: https://amzn.to/2Ajbryb

GoPro gooseneck mount: https://amzn.to/2uUECmg

Canon XA11 Pro Camcorder: https://amzn.to/2rNMUK1

iPad Pro 10.5: https://amzn.to/2O1q5gz

Vanguard Alta Pro 263AB Tripod: https://amzn.to/2IxYQq4

Fovitec Green / Blue backdrop screen: https://amzn.to/2IrDcbK

Fovitec Black/ White backdrop screen: https://amzn.to/2rTu18T

Blue Yeti USB Microphone: https://amzn.to/2JWT2vt

Sennheiser HD 380 PRO Headphones: https://amzn.to/2K3hiLT

Professional Grade Lavalier Lapel Microphone
https://amzn.to/2lZhGNB

Y-Connector Audio Splitter for Lavalier Microphone
https://amzn.to/2J1UwPU

Headphone Jack Adapter Lightning Connector
https://amzn.to/2udGjtM

MY YOUTUBE CHANNEL: ROTTER STUDIOS: youtube.com/c/RotterStudios

I’m a GUITAR PLAYER. Check out my music and purchase here:

MIME RIOT
https://store.cdbaby.com/cd/mimeriot
WRAITH
https://store.cdbaby.com/cd/steverotter
ON iTunes:
WRAITH
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/wraith/139284491
MIME RIOT
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/fear-ep/793322130

http://www.steverotter.com

I’m a video editor of 25 years, audio engineer 20 years, photographer 25 years and guitarist 20 years. I post photography and stop motion animation videos, but mainly guitar playing.

 

The best memory card carrying case by beeway

The best memory card carrying case by beeway

The best memory card carry case by beeway can be had for about $11.00. I never thought of purchasing a carry case for my SD cards since I always kept them either on my desk or in the camera case of the camera used at the time. Although this worked well for years, the day came when two SD cards could not be found. As I write this, I continue to tear the house apart, with low expectations. I’m the type of person who puts everything in its proper place. I’m not obsessive compulsive, but when I need something, I need to know where it is at any given moment. If I go for something and it isn’t there, there’s a very good chance someone either took it or misplaced it on me.

sandisk sd card
SD memory card for cameras

What’s an SD card?

Until they year 2000, cameras captured photo and video on film, which needed to be developed. This was pricey and limiting. The digital era allowed for photographers and videographers to not only capture photos or video faster, but allow for easier editing, without the developing. Inside every SD card, rows of tiny memory chips are at work – storing all your documents, music, photos etc. There are no moving parts, which means that MicroSD cards can be pretty durable – lots even claim to be waterproof.

Samsung, for example, claims that its MicroSD cards are safe from all kinds of water damage. The company also claims that the cards can survive being run over by a 1.6 tonne vehicle, or withstand the magnetic forces exerted by an MRI scanner.

My normal SD card storage routine is to keep the SD memory cards in the zippered section of the camera case I’m using. After the photo shoot, the SD cards will be moved to my editing work area for editing. Once editing is complete, the cards are moved back to the camera bag I will be working with next. I had to purchase 3 new SD cards last month since none of my previous SD cards could be found.

To always keep the SD cards in one place, I purchased this really nice SD card carry case for around $10 on Amazon. All memory cards will be kept in the case at my desk in the studio, unless they’re being used for a photo shoot.

Beeway Memory Card Carrying Case Holder for SD SDHC SDXC – 12 Slots Sealed Waterproof with Storage Bag & Carabiner

sd memory card carry case

This SD case is very strong, as the ad shows it being run over by a car unscathed. It is also waterproof, which is nice if you’re going on a shoot in inclimate weather. What’s nice is the case holds 12 SD memory cards for around $10!

Check it out on Amazon and keep your SD memory cards safe and secure!

That’s my tech / photography tip. Subscribe to my blog for more tech tips, music, art, photography, dog training, basically everything I love.

Thanks!

Steve

 

My You Tube channels:

German Shepherd Weekly: Weekly short videos of my german shepherd, Leia
LEGO SPEED GUY: Lego speed build videos and entertainment
ROTTER studios: photography, film, movies, rants                                                            ROTTER TUBE REEF: saltwater aquarium care                                                                         The Joker Box: The Joker Impression – Tribute to Heath Ledger

Best cameras for YouTube and vlogging

Best cameras for YouTube and vlogging

In this post you will read about the top 5 cameras for YouTube videos and vlogging. The quality of these cameras is outstanding in both photography and video work for social media sites. What is the best video camera or camcorder for filming HD YouTube videos? If you’re vlogging, making skits or video clips, read on…

The best vlogging cameras are made by Canon, Sony and Panasonic. Although DSLR cameras are great at shooting both photos and video, the more compact cameras have surpassed them in many ways. DSLR cameras, which are the traditional professional cameras, will overheat when shooting 15 minutes or more of video. They are not really meant for video work, although they do an outstanding job of it. DSLR cameras are geared more towards the pro photographer and video creator.

For an excellent pro camera that takes outstanding video and photos, read on.

Most of you reading this already know what a vlog is. For those who don’t, let me explain. A vlog is a video blog. Think of it as a video diary. You sit in front of a camera, talk about a product, your life, etc. and upload it to your YouTube channel or blog. What’s a blog? You’re reading one right now. Bloggers write online about their lives, fashion tips, wedding tips, camera tips, movie reviews, etc. A blog is an online article. It’s more appealing to have photos and videos on blogs and that’s where a good camera comes in.

You can use your iPhone for video content on YouTube, Vimeo or a blog but if you want many more features, you need a better camera.

Canon and Sony have been the two largest names when it comes to vlogging cameras. I have been a Canon user for years and love them. The only other brand of camera I use is Panasonic. I have the Panasonic GX85 and LOVE IT! The quality is phenominal with very little to no video noise.

Here’s my review on my Panasonic GX85

 

Here are a few of my favorite cameras for vlogging, YouTube creation and out in the street video and photography. These cameras are used by some of the largest YouTubers and bloggers and are HIGHLY RECOMMENDED.

WHAT TO LOOK FOR WHEN BUYING A CAMERA FOR VLOGGING OR YOUTUBE

  1. Price. If you can’t afford it, keep looking. Don’t break the bank. Although these cameras are VERY NICE, the camera doesn’t make the art or story, that’s up to you.
  2. Check out YouTube for tutorials and reviews and see how the features work.
  3. Can you afford the accessories required for the type of video work you want to do, such as extra lenses?
  4. Does the camera have a pop out mini tv viewer? This is important to bloggers and YouTube creators. If you’re sitting in front of the camera or holding it in front of you, how will you know if you’re in the shot if the screen is on the back of the camera only?

canon g7 x mark II best vlogging camera with screen

Canon PowerShot G7 X Digital Camera -BEST CHOICEBest vlogging camera 2018

Rated best vlogging camera.Canon PowerShot G7 X Digital Camera

If you are looking for the best Vlogging camera that will help your Youtube or Video Blog for coming years then Canon G7x is hands down the best vlogging camera you can get right now. It is currently being used by top line vloggers and Youtubers such as FunForLouis and Casey Neistat. A high signal-to-noise ratio delivers minimal noise and distortion with breathtaking dynamic range, particularly notable in bright areas. And photography enthusiasts will appreciate the changes in image processing for the PowerShot G7 X, which include target exposure value and contrast characteristics for highlights. Dynamic range in bright areas is expanded with gradation attributes that are similar to EOS. Also, by changing the exposure index standard from SOS to REI, it is possible to shoot at almost the same brightness with the same Av, Tv, and ISO settings as EOS.

 

  • New 1.0-inch, 20.2 MP High-Sensitivity CMOS Sensor combined with Canon’s powerful DIGIC 6 Image Processor
  • f/1.8(W)-f/2.8(T), 4.2x optical Zoom (24mm-100mm), 9-blade iris diaphragm and IS equipped lens
  • Selfie-ready multi-angle capacitive 3.0″ touch panel LCD
  • Capture stunning 1080p/60p Full HD video with up to 60 fps
  • IMPORTANT NOTE: Please refer to the Product Descriptiion section for troubleshooting information. Built-in Wi-Fi and NFC

Canon PowerShot G7 X Mark II Digital Camerabest vlogging camera canon g7 x mark II

The Canon G7 X Mark II is a pretty big step up from its predecessor. It offers everything you could want in a camera/video camera at a fairly reasonable price. The PowerShot G7 X Mark II camera combines exhilarating speed and performance with a smart, compact design. It features a high-performance 1.0-inch 20.1 Megapixel1 CMOS sensor as well as a bright f/1.8–2.8 lens to help capture impressive images whenever your creativity sparks, even in low-light conditions. The DIGIC 7 Image Processor delivers improved auto focus tracking, enhanced IS and superb image clarity even when shooting with a high ISO. For increased flexibility, the camera offers high-speed continuous shooting up to 8 fps in RAW2, JPEG and RAW+JPEG2 modes, and is equipped with Full HD capability, built-in Wi-Fi3 and NFC4 and in-camera RAW conversion.

  • 1.0-inch, 20.1 Megapixel* CMOS sensor with Canon’s new DIGIC 7 Image Processor helps deliver exceptional image quality even in low light.
  • Features a bright f/1.8 (W) – f/2.8 (T), 4.2x (24-100mm), 9-blade iris diaphragm andBattery IS-equipped lens.
  • Capture impressively high resolution images with high-speed continuous shooting up to 8 fps in both RAW mode / JPEG mode.
  • Multi-angle capacitive 3.0″ touch panel LCD with a screen resolution of 1.04 million dots and tilt option of 180 Degree up and 45 Degree down.
  • Capture stunning 1080p Full HD video in MP4 format with stereo sound.

 

Canon PowerShot S120 12.1 MP CMOS Digital Camera

best vlogging camera canon s120

The Canon S120 is a great point and shoot vlogging camera which is often recommended as an alternate to the G7x for the low budget folks. It does not have the flip out screen but has image stabilization, wifi and wide angle lens which is perfect for vlogging.

Casey Neistat called it “The Almost Perfect Video Camera”. Coming this from a film maker means a lot especially when he is respected by not only the Youtuber community but big brands like Nike and Mercedes who hired him for making their advertisements.

 

 

  • Built-in Wi-Fi technology allows you to wirelessly transfer your images to social networking sites through CANON iMAGE GATEWAY
  • Upload virtually anywhere on your iOS or Android device with free download of the Canon Camera Window app
  • Capture beautiful 1080p full HD video in stereo sound with a dedicated movie button, zoom while shooting and play back videos on an HDTV via the HDMI output
  • 12.1 megapixel high-sensitivity 1/1.7-inch CMOS sensor combined with the Canon DIGIC 6 image processor for exceptional low-light performance with an ISO range of 80-12800
  • Bright f/1.8 lens with 5x optical zoom and 24mm wide angle view

 

 GoPro

best vlogging camera gopro heroGOPRO HERO5 Black is a balance of performance and convenience thanks to its 4K video, voice control, easy-to-use touch display and waterproof design. Now with QuikStories, HERO5 Black automatically sends your footage to your phone where it transforms into an awesome edited video. Combined with stabilized video, pro-quality photos and auto upload to the cloud with GoPro Plus, HERO5 Black gives you the power to tell your story. HERO5 Black sends your footage to your phone where the app transforms it into an awesome edited video – automatically. Stunning 4K video and 12MP photos in single, burst and time lapse modes. HERO5 Black captures stunningly smooth video, whether it’s handheld or mounted to your gear. Share immersive 4K perspectives that make you feel like you’re there. HERO5 Black makes it easy with its one-button simplicity, convenient touch display and ready-to-go waterproof design. Smooth, stabilized video, crystal-clear audio, and pro-quality photo capture combine with voice control and GPS to make HERO5 Black the most impressive GoPro ever. And when it’s time to edit and share, HERO5 Black automatically uploads footage to your GoPro Plus cloud account to provide easy access on any device. Then, create amazing videos automatically with Quick, the GoPro mobile editing app. Your life as you’ve never seen it with GOPRO.

 

 

  • Stunning 4K video and 12MP photos in Single, Burst and Time Lapse modes. Charger not included
  • Durable by design, HERO5 Black is waterproof to 33ft (10m) without a housing
  • Additional GoPro HERO5 Black Features + Benefits below on item page. Time Lapse Photo Intervals: 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10, 30, 60 seconds
  • Preview and playback your shots, change settings and trim your footage, all on your GoPro.
  • Battery can sustain 60-90 minutes of continuous 4K video recording
  • NOTE: Check User Manual on Technical Specification and Instruction video available before us.

 

Sony Alpha a6000

best vlogging camera sony alpha a6000

Sony Alpha a6000 Mirrorless Digitial Camera 24.3MP SLR Camera with 3.0-Inch LCD (Black) w/ 16-50mm Power Zoom Lens. The α6000 is a super compact Mirrorless camera that’s about half the size and weight of a typical DSLR, yet it has the same size APS-C image sensor as most DSLRs. The interchangeable lenses and E-mount system make the α6000 more versatile than almost any other camera on the market. Get incredible detail and gorgeous enlargements thanks to the newly developed 24.3 megapixel Exmor APS HD CMOS image sensor. It’s higher resolution than most DSLRs and adopts the same gapless on-chip lens structure as the α7R for ultimate image quality and light sensitivity. Never miss the moment – the α6000 captures 11fps frames per second in continuous shooting mode with AF (Auto Focus) tracking by making the most of the wide-area 179-point phase-detection AF sensor. Even when dealing with fast action the α6000’s superb moving-subject tracking performance ensures you get a great shot during still or video capture.

 

  • 24 MP APS-C CMOS sensor and Focus Sensitivity Range :EV 0 to EV 20 (at ISO 100 equivalent with F2.8 lens attached)
  • ISO 100-25600 (expandable to 51200). Lens compatibility- Sony E-mount lenses
  • Hybrid AF with 179-point focal plane phase-detection and 25 contrast detect points
  • Up to 11 FPS continious shooting
  • 3-inch tilting LCD with 921,000 dots
  • OLED electronic viewfinder with 100% coverage and 1.4 million dots

 

So which video camera do you like best for vlogging? So many choices and such perfect image quality from them all. How do you choose the best vlogging camera when they all look so great? Obviously you need to be able to afford the camera so I would look at price first.

For video work I use:

GOPRO 4

CANON XA10

Panasonic GX85

iPhone7

 

Thanks for reading this blog on cameras. It was tons of fun to create and I hope you enjoyed it. This is one of my favorite topics to discuss. For more photography, tech, video and other cool topics, SUBSCRIBE TO MY BLOG. You’ll be alerted via email when I post.

Steve

My You Tube channels:

German Shepherd Weekly: Weekly short videos of my german shepherd, Leia
LEGO SPEED GUY: Lego speed build videos and entertainment
ROTTER studios: photography, film, movies, rants                                                            ROTTER TUBE REEF: saltwater aquarium care                                                                         The Joker Box: The Joker Impression – Tribute to Heath Ledger

GEAR I USE:
PANASONIC LUMIX GX85 Camera: https://amzn.to/2wJHNjK

Panasonic 25mm F1.7 prime lens: https://amzn.to/2wwN5ix

Panasonic GX85 Batteries: https://amzn.to/2Ksac00

GoPro suction cup mount for car: https://amzn.to/2Ajbryb

GoPro gooseneck mount: https://amzn.to/2uUECmg

Canon XA11 Pro Camcorder: https://amzn.to/2rNMUK1

iPad Pro 10.5: https://amzn.to/2O1q5gz

Vanguard Alta Pro 263AB Tripod: https://amzn.to/2IxYQq4

Fovitec Green / Blue backdrop screen: https://amzn.to/2IrDcbK

Fovitec Black/ White backdrop screen: https://amzn.to/2rTu18T

Blue Yeti USB Microphone: https://amzn.to/2JWT2vt

Sennheiser HD 380 PRO Headphones: https://amzn.to/2K3hiLT

Professional Grade Lavalier Lapel Microphone
https://amzn.to/2lZhGNB

Y-Connector Audio Splitter for Lavalier Microphone
https://amzn.to/2J1UwPU

Headphone Jack Adapter Lightning Connector
https://amzn.to/2udGjtM

MY YOUTUBE CHANNEL: ROTTER STUDIOS: youtube.com/c/RotterStudios

I’m a GUITAR PLAYER. Check out my music and purchase here:

MIME RIOT
https://store.cdbaby.com/cd/mimeriot
WRAITH
https://store.cdbaby.com/cd/steverotter
ON iTunes:
WRAITH
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/wraith/139284491
MIME RIOT
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/fear-ep/793322130

http://www.steverotter.com

I’m a video editor of 25 years, audio engineer 20 years, photographer 25 years and guitarist 20 years. I post photography and stop motion animation videos, but mainly guitar playing.

 

 

Where are the clowns

Where are the clowns

Where are the clowns

Being a photographer, I’m always looking for some interesting form of architecture in Chicago. I’ll take some random shot from an angle someone would not normally see things from and post to Facebook. I will now also post here on my blog, the random Chicago photo of the day or week.

Walking to work, some colors caught my eye. Hoping it would be what I thought it was, I walked faster, hoping no one would be around to ruin the shot. It was all clear, and a perfect find, for me anyway. The rider was not around, as the clown bike was securely fastened to the water-drenched post just off the street. It had just rained, which was more fitting for this shot. I’m curious to know what the rider looks like. The bike was there the next morning. I have taken this route before for years, and have never seen this. Yes it is creepy, and that’s why I like it. For someone to go through the trouble to construct this and fasten to their bike….THEIR BIKE!…they are one interesting character indeed. It is not a mask. It is a constructed face made of what looks to be ceramic and mostly paper mache of some sort.

If you like my posts, subscribe to my blog. More about me and my YouTube channels can be found at www.steverotter.com

clown in chicago
clown in Chicago by Steve Rotter

Why I no longer pursue wedding photography

Why I no longer pursue wedding photography

Why I no longer pursue wedding photography

I’m still a photographer but no longer pursue weddings. This is knowledge for both the wedding photographer to be and wedding couple looking for a wedding photographer. This may sound like a rant but it really isn’t.

I want to shed some light on how hard the job of wedding photography is. I’m a workaholic and love the arts, so wedding photography was never really hard for me. Not everyone will be able to handle being a wedding photographer. The wedding day moves really fast and you must be there, documenting all parts of the day quickly. You need to be in all places at once, helping anyone who has questions. There is no time to relive a moment that is gone forever if you are trying to figure out how to use your camera. I say this to all the photography newbs who buy a camera at the store and set it to full auto and forget it. You’ll be able to get through some events using full auto but it will certainly catch up with you. Learn how to use your camera!

Many wedding photography websites have the sappy happy husband and wife wedding photography team. They talk about how much they love each other and how much they’ll make your wedding photos great and how they built their wedding photo business on love. Ugh, whatever. Good for them.

One of my favorite times as a wedding photographer

5 minutes before the bride was about to walk down the aisle. She would be hidden away in a back room, waiting for the signal. We sat together, during her last moments of single life. She would become a wife, then mother, etc. I was at that crossroads in those last seconds of her single life and that was pretty cool.

I’ve been into photography since the 110 camera days in the 1980s. Cameras used film cartridges and flash cubes. I’m not that old, take it easy.

110-camera-722343
110 camera that took film cartridges. That flash cube was for flash photography. After 4 flashes, you needed a new cube.

I took photos of everything in creative ways as a kid. I was really good at photography and that’s because I loved it. Photography found me, I did not find it. High school photography classes taught me how to develop film in a dark room and handle film. Taking photos was only half the art, with developing them on your own being the 2nd.

canon digital rebel
Canon digital rebel. First digital SLR camera

Years later, in 2000, I got the first digital DSLR camera by Canon, the digital rebel. It was an amazing upgrade. No more film to purchase and develop. You could see the photos right away on the color screen. What an amazing breakthrough! Most photographers of today have no clue what it was like to shoot on film. That’s sad. Same goes for technology. I have been into video production and editing since 1988. Yeah, I’ve been around…and I have the experience. I’m proud of that.

Moving to my first apartment, I wanted / needed an additional source of income. What better way to get side money than with wedding photography or video? Being in Chicago, I thought I would clean up. Hundreds of brides get married in Chicago every weekend. I started with wedding video production in 1999 and added wedding photography a few years later.

For the record, I didn’t want to photograph weddings. I thought it would be too much pressure and stress documenting someone’s huge day. I also didn’t want to be called a wedding photographer. I thought the title water down the art in me that was the creative artistic photographer. I was wrong. There is a lot of art to be photographed in weddings and I loved it.

An important tip to all you wedding photographers starting out: photograph everything the couple spends money on. Will they want an 8X10 of the beautiful table setting? No, but, it is part of their day. For this reason it is important to arrive at the reception hall before the bridal party to photograph the reception hall empty. I allowed 20 minutes at least, to photograph the room, its tables, flowers, cake, ice sculptures, etc. in the reception hall, before anyone was in it. Your job is to document their wedding day and not just them. You need to document the memories and please do it artistically.

Starting a wedding photography business

It’s hard starting out a business when you have nothing. No clients, no leads, no portfolio to show. A friend of a friend was familiar with my photography work and wanted me to photograph their wedding. Although I was nervous, I did a great job. I just followed where the action was and my instincts. I didn’t fear “ruining” their wedding day. Do the best you can and it will turn out great. I used my canon digital rebel with external flash and stock lens. The photos looked great. Now I had one wedding to show in my portfolio and was lucky enough a few months later to tag along as a 2nd shooter to a wedding. I didn’t get paid but I got to keep the wedding photos I shot. Some studios will not let you keep the photographs you take, as they see it as their property. With these photos I started to advertise in the KNOT. The KNOT is a huge Chicago wedding magazine brides use to look for wedding vendors. I was spending $450 a month to advertise there. That’s a lot of money but I knew this was my best bet at entering the Chicago wedding photography ring.

Spending money creatively in advertising was only getting me so far. I needed to attack a larger market and it worked. At this time I didn’t have kids or a crazy mortgage so all my money went to the knot magazine. I got calls and emails every week, averaging one wedding every other month and then every month.

I photographed weddings on weekends once a month and had a full-time day job as well. Photography was never my full time job. Late into the night, I rehashed the website I built, redoing prices, photos and anything else to make it better.  I was always researching. I loved it but hated it.

I was doing more business building and maintenance than wedding photography. I logged hundreds of hours building the wedding photography business and didn’t get paid for it. That’s how it is, as you know. Because I have the experience and creativity, I certainly wasn’t going to pay anyone to build my website and market for me. I’m not complaining, it was fun, just very time consuming. I knew that’s how it would be.

Wedding photography PRICING

Wedding photography studios are all over the map. Some Chicago wedding photography studios charge a minimum of $4,000 and their work kinda sucks. That’s not jealousy talking, as I’m not a jealous person. That’s me being honest with you. Most of them sucked. I charged $900 when I started. I didn’t want to freak anyone out with high prices, being that I was a smaller Chicago wedding photography studio. Finding the right wedding photography pricing was always hard for me. The happy medium never existed.

chicago wedding photography by Steve Rotter
Photo by your’s truly

Because my wedding photography rates were too low (I see that now), I never got paid. There are so many fees with this business. What if a lens breaks or you just need a new one? $500 – $2,000 for a great lens. I shot with all Canon gear, using L-series (the white pro lenses.) A new camera body goes for around $2,000 on the low end depending on what you buy. By the way, it’s always better to get a great camera lens instead of a better camera body. Then there is gas money to travel to meet potential clients. There is gas money to travel to and from the gig. Camera cases, website hosting, paper, ink, iPad to show your work on (I had to make actual albums in the early 2000s before iPads were invented), business insurance and the list goes on and on.

One wedding from start to finish takes SO MANY HOURS! I loved it but hated it. While at a wedding, my kids are playing at home and I’m not with them. After the wedding I’m glued to the computer editing 2,000 plus photos. It was fun, but again, very time consuming. Not to mention the travel to the local starbucks or far away starbucks, to meet with potential clients to sell yourself in hopes you can get the next wedding photography gig. Most of the time they love your work, you hit it off, drive home, never to hear from them again. That part was very annoying.

Wedding photography means a very long day

You photograph for 8 hours, spending 10-12 hours away from home if you include travel. You are now half done with the job. You will spend many hours meticulously editing all photos (at least I did.) Once the photos are edited, you may have to put an album together and get their photos online for viewing. I photographed anywhere from 1500 – 2500 photos per wedding and only got rid of about 100 photos due to duplicates.

Chicago wedding photography pricing vs craigslist

Photography forums said to raise prices for your wedding photography to be taken seriously. That didn’t work. I got a noticeable decrease in calls after raising prices. Enter the craigslist photographers charging $400 or $500 for the day. Flat out, just a simple photographing of your wedding day. These are people (in most cases) who buy a camera off the shelf at the local store and shoot in full auto mode, hoping to get good photos for quick cash. I hated those people. They make this job look bad. Lighting and composition are off and it’s just not good with these types of photographers. Not to say all craigslist vendors are bad, but you know what I mean.

Check out this perfectly-lit, perfectly posed shot from a craigslist photographer. I’m sarcastic if you haven’t noticed. WTF is going on in this shot?

cheap wedding photography will cost you
Cheap wedding photographers

I can’t tell you how many times I heard a friend of the bride say they were upset for hiring someone for mega cheap to document their wedding day. They were excited to spend only $300 on their wedding photos but tears flowed after seeing their images. I needed to be priced between those guys and the high-priced ones. I thought $950 was good. It was good, for them, not me…I made no money.

Think about it like this

Not counting the hours spent building your business like website design, contract design, stuff like that, here is a quick break down of money spent.

  1. Monthly advertising was about $450
  2. Gas money on average to meet with clients to get jobs, about $50?
  3. Internet and website hosting let’s say about $100 a month.

You just spent $600 a month and you have $350 left after you get paid. I forgot some expenses such as business insurance which was about $80 a month. If you need to live off this you better charge a lot more. If you charge a lot more you better be good and you better be a people person and your work better be able to sell itself. You also need more wedding gigs than one a month.

A couple of years later I needed to hire on contract photographers. They photographed along with me and I edited all images for all weddings. I was the owner, photographer, center of it all. This was a lot of fun. I always paid my people the day of the event, with the rest going towards advertising. I hoped to get more weddings so I could get paid. I relied on more weddings so I could make profit. That didn’t happen, so I was only making about $50 a month. I was doing all this work for free. Well, actually, $50 a month. I was determined so I pressed on. Money went to my photographers or the business. I had 3 other photographers with me and one wedding videographer.

rotter photography chicago 1
Chicago engagement photo by Steve Rotter

After about 2 more years I was photographing one wedding a month and then the recession hit. 2008 was much slower and 2009 was worse. Wedding couples were cutting back it seemed. It got to the point I couldn’t afford advertising anymore so I stopped. The calls stopped. The emails stopped. Everything stopped. I wasn’t getting calls and I got depressed. I wanted to photograph weddings but couldn’t afford to advertise since the market was drying up.

I missed meeting families and being with them all day. People who started out as strangers at the beginning of the wedding day always turned into comfortable conversation with nice people by the end of the night. I miss that. I was a part of it. I got to see all the important parts of weddings  (and the closeness they created between families) up close. I had a front row seat at the ring exchange and cake cutting and vows. Running my wedding photography business was fun. I enjoyed taking care of the couples from beginning to end.

What I won’t miss about wedding photography

  1. The stress of not getting gigs or wondering why my work isn’t being seen.
  2. The drunken groomsmen who won’t follow directions for me, the bride or anyone.
  3. Leaving the house at 9am and getting home at midnight or later.
  4. Lugging really heavy camera gear for 8 – 10 hours straight.
  5. Feeling bad because they hired me until 9pm but dinner ran late, starting at 8pm. I never photographed during dinner so do I leave at 8pm? No, I was the sucker who felt bad, so I stayed until 10pm for free. Most photographers don’t care if your bouquet toss is photographed or not. That clock strikes and they’re gone!
  6. Many hours of editing photos after the gig is over. This takes away from family life.
  7. I worked a day job this entire time, for years, so I was always working.
  8. Rehashing and revamping the website and contracts till all hours of the night.
  9. Taking calls from tire kickers. They love your work but never call back.
  10. Feeling age creep up on me after 12 hours of hauling ass, photographing a wedding. My body was so tired after being on the go constantly, lugging gear, that I barely got out of the car when I arrived home. I left my gear in the garage and went to bed after taking a few ibuprofen.
  11. Dealing with bitchy wedding planners. I know a wedding planner’s job is difficult but most I have dealt with want you to know they walk on water. BS.
  12. Incompetent reception halls. Most don’t know what’s going on and each wedding is a dime a dozen to them. They run late in the schedule and that pushes you back. Again, what to do if they’re 60-90 minutes late and you’re scheduled to leave in an hour? I got tired of their mistakes ruining my schedule.
  13. Florists or reception halls saying they love my work and would I mind taking photos of the flowers or hall for FREE! Why? Because it would “help me to get more wedding clients.” These places wanted free photos of their wedding vendor business in exchange for passing my name around. How do I know if they are passing my name around when I’m not there? Meanwhile, they got what they wanted. Free photos. I did that 3 times and never got referrals. I was an idiot.
rotter photography chicago 13
chicago wedding couple by Steve Rotter

Again, I write this not to complain, but to let others looking at the wedding photography business know what it’s like. I left some things out but this is just off the top of my head.

I also wanted couples looking for a wedding photographer to know that it’s a very hard job if done right. Good wedding photographers just don’t show up, take some photos and leave. There are hours of planning involved and not just the 8 hours we spend with you. Keep in mind some wedding photographers are hired guns. They get a gig assigned to them, they photograph and they leave. They may collect $300 to photograph an entire day, while the studio edits their photos and takes the rest of the money. I have thought about doing this. Being a hired gun would allow me to photograph weddings and not deal with the stress or hours required to run a business. But, at the end of the day, most wedding photography studios have jerks running them and my time is too valuable to make $300 from a jerk. They don’t pay for gas too and from the venue either…YOU DO!

I will miss the bride and groom the most. Most of, if not all the wedding couples I worked with, were so ultra cool. I never had a bad experience with a bride or groom. I truly loved them all. That is the one thing I will miss most.

If someone wanted me to photograph their wedding now, I would do it, but with less red tape. I would have a simple contract and hand all photos to them on a usb drive. End of story, done. By the way, I was one of the first wedding photography studios in Chicago to hand over all images, edited, on a disc (CD or DVD.) All other wedding photography studios in the Chicago area had crazy prices they charged for the actual images on a disc. They wanted to charge for all wedding photos on top of the crazy wedding photography rate they were already charging for taking the photos. Crazy I say! I felt the wedding couple should have something to keep and not just pay for labor.

A tip for wedding couples to be

Going with smaller wedding photography studios is almost always better. Due to their smaller size, they have less overhead which means lower prices. You will also more than likely see and talk to the photographer who will be at your wedding, since it’s usually the owner. I would hate to meet the photographer for the first time on my wedding day. What if you don’t like them? What if they’re a jerk? I was videographer at this wedding and they went with a larger studio…Fred Fox, oh no, I said the name…whatever. The couple never met the photographer. This guy was the poor man’s Italian Stallion. Overweight with a beard, shirt buttoned down, and yes, a thick gold chain. Yeah, that’s what they got. Hey, I’m sure he was a nice guy when he wasn’t eyeing the females at the party.

I still shoot photography and video mainly for myself. Along with the day job, I am running two YouTube channels with a possible third. It’s hard to maintain one YouTube channel but if you balance right, it can be done. YouTube is a lot of fun, I don’t have to leave the house and I actually make more money.

Take care everyone. I like writing about life and experiences. If you enjoyed this,  subscribe to my blog. I hate that word blog by the way.

Steve

www.steverotter.com

My You Tube channels:

German Shepherd Weekly: Weekly short videos of my german shepherd, Leia
LEGO SPEED GUY: Lego speed build videos and entertainment
ROTTER studios: photography, film, movies, rants                                                            ROTTER TUBE REEF: saltwater aquarium care                                                                         The Joker Box: The Joker Impression – Tribute to Heath Ledger

 

 

 

Chicago wedding photos

Chicago wedding photos

Chicago wedding photos by Steve Rotter

Here are some wedding photos of Chicago couples taken by me:

rotter photography chicago
Wedding photograph by your’s truly
rotter photography chicago 39
Chicago wedding rings by Steve Rotter

rotter photography chicago 38

rotter photography chicago 31

rotter photography chicago 26
Chicago photography by Steve Rotter. I love the lines in this shot. Black and white makes it.

rotter photography chicago 28

rotter photography chicago 14

rotter photography chicago 5

rotter photography chicago 12
Wedding cake at Venuti’s reception hall in Addison, IL

Venuti’s Italian restaurant is one of my favorite places to photograph weddings. The atmosphere is very nice with an Italian home feel to it. I really love this place and the food is very good. They are not paying me to say this. About 30 minutes west of Chicago in Addison, IL.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rotter photography chicago 18
Chicago Botanical Gardens photo by Steve Rotter

Chicago Photography by Steve Rotter

Chicago Photography by Steve Rotter

Chicago Photography by Steve Rotter

Hello all. Being I’m a photographer and cinematographer, I feel it’s of course only fitting that I post some of my work. I’m in Chicago a lot. There are so many photos to be had. Thanks for checking out my blog. If you like what I write, consider subscribing for more. Check out my website as well. www.steverotter.com

rotter photography chicago 26
Chicago photography by Steve Rotter. I love the lines in this shot. Black and white makes it.

The building on the bottom is the Sears tower. It was bought out a few years ago, and is now called the Willis tower. Chicagoans don’t like change. It is still referred to as the SEARS TOWER, OR, “the building previously called the SEARS TOWER.” I call it the SEARS TOWER and always will.

rotter photography chicago 35
The IBM building

Great lines with desaturated color, adding just a touch of blue from the sky in the reflected windows.

rotter photography chicago 4
Chicago reflections
rotter photography chicago 10
Chicago alleyway by Steve Rotter
rotter photography chicago 21
Overlooking Chicago by Steve Rotter
rotter photography chicago 34
Museum of Science and Industry photo by Steve Rotter

Classic stairwell in the Museum of Science and Industry. Have been visiting this museum since I was a kid, along with the Field museum and the Shedd Aquarium. Awesome museums of Chicago.

rotter photography chicago 22
Chicago bridge by Steve Rotter

Thanks again for checking out my work!

Steve

 

Dinner with Ditka

Dinner with Ditka

Dinner with Ditka

ditka and jim mcmahon
ditka and jim mcmahon Chicago Bears

Long story short, I’m a guy who was never into sports. As a kid we played baseball in the street (CAR!) and ran for the ice cream truck when heard. This was in the 1980s…the best years.

I was very much into the arts, and still am: guitar, photography, cinematography, stop motion animation, music and movies. Us kids saw Star Wars ep 4 when it came out in theaters. I WAS THERE and cherished every second of that film from the score to the cinematography and of course, the story. I was hooked. I knew for the rest of my life, I would be involved in film making of some kind. Years later, I’m right (and I knew I would be.)

There was a kid in our neighborhood. This was years and years ago. Let’s call him Biff. Biff loved sports. Biff wanted to be a famous football player. His dad made him and his siblings practice everyday, whether they wanted to or not. Their dad had a problem, living sports through his kids. At times their father mocked us for not watching sports. He was an idiot.

On any given day, their father yelled commands in the front street. If his boys missed a catch, they were forced to run around the block for every ball missed (yeah this guy had a problem.) When he wasn’t yelling at them he was yelling at his tv, because, the players played better when he spoke to them.

I knew nothing of football and still don’t, and really don’t care. I watch Blackhawks hockey and that’s it. I’m an artist and don’t care for too much else.

Fast forward years later, Biff finds me on Facebook. I’m not into social media, using it to only post my photography or video work. I posted something about a Star Wars write-up and effect I was working on for a film. Out of the blue, years later, Biff chimes in with, “it’s good to see you still like Star Wars.” That was a dig towards me. You’d have to know this guy. I didn’t care, but I enjoyed my response:

One of my clients for photography was the CEO of the Chicagoland sports hall of fame. It was very expensive to attend and I was taking photos. I ate dinner at the table of Mike Ditka and the Mayor of Chicago, Mayor Daley at the time. I saw most of the 1986 Superbowl champion Bears and talked with them. It was really cool, as it brought back memories of being in junior high when all that was happening.

superbowl shuffle chicago bears superbowl champions 1986
superbowl shuffle chicago bears superbowl champions 1986

So I wrote, “hey, thanks. Good to see you. Yep, still into photo and video. In fact, I ate dinner with Ditka and most of the Chicago Bears from when we were kids. And you know what? I still don’t even like football. Weird.”

He didn’t respond.

After all the years, seems people are still the same.

An update:

A neighbor from the old neighborhood read this post, as I made it available on FB. He was upset that I wrote it. I’ve been unfriended on FB. I’m ok with that. I didn’t say anything bad, just stating the truth. Yes their father harassed us at times for not liking sports, and yes, his brother did the same to a lesser extent. A bully without the threat, if you will. I never felt comfortable around them except for their mother and younger brother who reached out to me. That’s how I feel and it’s the truth. Let me add to the rest of the story since it came up. Our family was the black sheep of the neighborhood. Never invited to the lake. Those families went. We were never invited. We dealt with it. I’m not upset about it. That’s 35 years ago. This story had a moral to it. I don’t carry any pain Ha HA HA hA Ha. It’s a damn story. It’s unfortunate, since he was a good guy. Looks like this story hit a nerve. I wish him and his family well.

Anyway, thanks for reading. If you enjoy my entertaining babble, subscribe to my BLOG and check out my site www.steverotter.com where you’ll find info on me and my YouTube channels.

Steve

Rainy day photography – Chicago photo of the day by Steve Rotter

Rainy day photography – Chicago photo of the day by Steve Rotter

Rainy day photography – Chicago photo of the day by Steve Rotter

I will occasionally post my favorite photos of Chicago, taken by your’s truly. I love Chicago history and architecture. It’s the perfect city for photography. Enjoy!

I used to photograph weddings in Chicago but no longer do that due to the stress and lack of time to keep a day job and my studio going. I’m proud to say I did that for 10 years. I now photograph for myself and spend most of my artistic time working on my YouTube channels.

steve rotter photography chicago
Rainy day 7am in Chicago on Wacker drive by Steve Rotter

Thanks for viewing and reading my blog. Subscribe for more to be alerted via email when new posts appear here.

www.steverotter.com

panasonic gx 85 camera love

panasonic gx 85 camera love

The panasonic gx85 camera is the most impressive camera I have owned in the 25 years of working in photo and video. steverotter.com is where I discuss my passions and hobbies. The blog section wouldn’t be complete without a write up on my favorite camera, the panasonic gx85. I spent a lot of time researching youtube and reading reviews. I was nervous to move away from canon but I have to tell you, this camera is night and day awesome! If you want pro camera quality in video and film but don’t want the huge DSLR camera price tag, you must check out these smaller, very high quality cameras.

panasonic gx85 camera
panasonic gx85

At the time of this writing, I have been into photography and video production for 25 years. I have used Canon DSLR bodies as well as many Canon and Sony 8mm, mini dv and solid state video cameras. I love my DSLR cameras, but getting into youtube, I needed something smaller, but also really great quality. A lot of people are going with the canon point and shoot route, such as the Canon powershot G7 X Mark II. I do love the Canon G7 X Mark II and will be purchasing it later this year. Canon is rated as one of the best for vlogs, pro video and photography. I wanted to try something a little different, so I went with Panasonic. I’m am still amazed at the photo and video quality of this micro four thirds camera, even with the stock lens. I would choose the Panasonic or Canon camera over my DSLR any day, and I LOVE my CANON DSLR 5D MKII.

Panasonic GX85 Tech

  • New 5-axis in-body sensor stabilizer works with LUMIX 2-axis optically stabilized lenses in video and still capture modes using class-leading Dual Image Stabilization.
  • Eliminates the need for low-pass sensor filters while boosting fine detail resolving power by nearly 10% over existing 16-Megapixel MFT sensors.
  • Shoot lighter and faster with the modern hybrid photography performance of a Mirrorless camera and nearly half the bulk of most DSLRs.
  • Thumbwheel controls, integrated viewfinder and touch control enabled tilting LCD maximize control of the photographic experience.
  • Capture spontaneous moments with 4K imaging performance in both 4K video and exclusive 4K PHOTO and Post Focus.

For today’s interchangeable lens camera enthusiasts — or anyone looking for a lighter, newer more intelligent alternative to bulky DSLRs — Panasonic LUMIX Mirrorless Micro Four Thirds system cameras deliver impressive, no-compromise performance. Nearly half the size of most DSLRs, the DMC-GX85 delivers impressive large sensor performance in the most compact camera system ever designed by Panasonic LUMIX. Thanks to the elimination of the low pass filter, its fine detail resolving power is boosted nearly 10% over previous 16-Megapixel sensors. Image stabilization is top of its class with the complementary LUMIX 2-axis lens O.I.S. and a new 5-axis in-body I.S., available in either photo or video recording modes. Camera purists will enjoy the familiar quick-access thumbwheel controls and integrated 2764k-dot eye-level electronic viewfinder, plus a tilting LCD display for greater flexibility in difficult shooting angles. Modern enthusiasts will love the WiFi mobile control and next-generation flexibility that 4K Video, 4K PHOTO and 4K Post Focus modes bring to the creative experience.

 

Thanks for reading! Follow my blog here.

GEAR I USE:

Marshall Code 50-50 watt 1×12″ guitar amp: https://amzn.to/2GmCVVI

Charvel Pro-Mod San Dimas guitar blue frost: https://amzn.to/2Dp9fU0

PANASONIC LUMIX GX85 Camera: https://amzn.to/2wJHNjK

Panasonic 25mm F1.7 prime lens: https://amzn.to/2wwN5ix

Panasonic GX85 Batteries: https://amzn.to/2Ksac00

GoPro suction cup mount for car: https://amzn.to/2Ajbryb

GoPro gooseneck mount: https://amzn.to/2uUECmg

Shure mv88 microphone: https://amzn.to/2WP78lw

Canon XA11 Pro Camcorder: https://amzn.to/2rNMUK1

iPad Pro 10.5: https://amzn.to/2O1q5gz

Vanguard Alta Pro 263AB Tripod: https://amzn.to/2IxYQq4

Fovitec Green / Blue backdrop screen: https://amzn.to/2IrDcbK

Fovitec Black/ White backdrop screen: https://amzn.to/2rTu18T

Blue Yeti USB Microphone: https://amzn.to/2JWT2vt

Sennheiser HD 380 PRO Headphones: https://amzn.to/2K3hiLT

Professional Grade Lavalier Lapel Microphone
https://amzn.to/2lZhGNB

Y-Connector Audio Splitter for Lavalier Microphone
https://amzn.to/2J1UwPU

Headphone Jack Adapter Lightning Connector
https://amzn.to/2udGjtM

MY YOUTUBE CHANNEL: STEVE ROTTER: youtube.com/c/RotterStudios

I’m a GUITAR PLAYER. Check out my music and purchase here:

MIME RIOT
https://store.cdbaby.com/cd/mimeriot
WRAITH
https://store.cdbaby.com/cd/steverotter
ON iTunes:
WRAITH
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/wraith/139284491
MIME RIOT
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/fear-ep/793322130

http://www.steverotter.com

I’m a video editor of 25 years, audio engineer 20 years, photographer 25 years and guitarist 20 years. I post photography and stop motion animation videos, but mainly guitar playing.

 

 

 

The best stop motion animation software by Dragonframe

The best stop motion animation software by Dragonframe

dragoneframe 4Dragonframe software is the best stop motion animation software. Hollywood studios and directors such as Tim Burton have used Dragonframe for their blockbuster films. Dragonframe has been used to make several full-length motion picture films, including Disney’s Frankenweenie and Laika’s Coraline, The Boxtrolls, and ParaNorman, as well as the stop motion television show Shaun the Sheep. It has also been used to shoot stop motion scenes in live action movies, including the holochess scene in Star Wars: The Force Awakens, and numerous stop motion shorts. I am currently using stop motion studio pro on the iphone and it works perfect for smaller projects. My panasonic gx85 camera has a built in stop motion feature that works well and even includes onion skinning.

The panasonic gx85 with its built in stop motion animation feature and stop motion studio pro on iPhone app are great for smaller projects, although they are still very powerful. For more advanced film – like quality, Dragonframe is highly recommended.

Dragonframe4For those of you not sure what stop motion is, it is the painstaking art of photographing still images in succession, to a computer. When put together, as with a flipbook, the characters will move. Just as with cartoons, each frame or drawing cell is put together to create movement. There are 24 frames or drawings per second, in film, so that means an artist had to draw 24 drawings for each second of a movie. Guess how many drawings were required for the average Disney film? Do the math. Actually, Disney used 30 frames per second so it’s more fluid. Walt Disney insisted on this back in the day.

Check out this stop motion animation I did with lego batman and the joker. Filmed with stop motion studio pro on iPhone7.

 

In the case of stop motion, a photograph is taking and the puppet, or object is moved a small fraction of a millimeter. After that move, another photo is taken, and so on. When all photos are played together, movement is created. The movie is edited, sound effects are added, along with titles, music and dialogue. It’s a lot of fun and a lot of work. Depending on the production it can take about an hour or more for 10 seconds of video.

Check out how Dennis Muren used stop motion animation to make the AT AT walkers walk in the Empire Strikes back.

The original king kong movie was filmed using stop motion, along with the AT AT walkers from the Empire strikes back. The AT AT walkers were only about 3′ tall but appeared to be monsters on the silver screen.

Dragonframe is a more advanced, pro stop motion animation software package. It is designed for high quality stop motion animation. Check out this video from Dragonframe.

 

Thanks for reading! Follow my blog here.

GEAR I USE:

Marshall Code 50-50 watt 1×12″ guitar amp: https://amzn.to/2GmCVVI

Charvel Pro-Mod San Dimas guitar blue frost: https://amzn.to/2Dp9fU0

PANASONIC LUMIX GX85 Camera: https://amzn.to/2wJHNjK

Panasonic 25mm F1.7 prime lens: https://amzn.to/2wwN5ix

Panasonic GX85 Batteries: https://amzn.to/2Ksac00

GoPro suction cup mount for car: https://amzn.to/2Ajbryb

GoPro gooseneck mount: https://amzn.to/2uUECmg

Shure mv88 microphone: https://amzn.to/2WP78lw

Canon XA11 Pro Camcorder: https://amzn.to/2rNMUK1

iPad Pro 10.5: https://amzn.to/2O1q5gz

Vanguard Alta Pro 263AB Tripod: https://amzn.to/2IxYQq4

Fovitec Green / Blue backdrop screen: https://amzn.to/2IrDcbK

Fovitec Black/ White backdrop screen: https://amzn.to/2rTu18T

Blue Yeti USB Microphone: https://amzn.to/2JWT2vt

Sennheiser HD 380 PRO Headphones: https://amzn.to/2K3hiLT

Professional Grade Lavalier Lapel Microphone
https://amzn.to/2lZhGNB

Y-Connector Audio Splitter for Lavalier Microphone
https://amzn.to/2J1UwPU

Headphone Jack Adapter Lightning Connector
https://amzn.to/2udGjtM

MY YOUTUBE CHANNEL: STEVE ROTTER: youtube.com/c/RotterStudios

I’m a GUITAR PLAYER. Check out my music and purchase here:

MIME RIOT
https://store.cdbaby.com/cd/mimeriot
WRAITH
https://store.cdbaby.com/cd/steverotter
ON iTunes:
WRAITH
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/wraith/139284491
MIME RIOT
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/fear-ep/793322130

http://www.steverotter.com

I’m a video editor of 25 years, audio engineer 20 years, photographer 25 years and guitarist 20 years. I post photography and stop motion animation videos, but mainly guitar playing.

 

 

 

 

 

%d bloggers like this: